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Backup and restore Drupal sites with Drush

Backup and restore Drupal sites with Drush

Submitted by abhishek on Thu, 11/08/2012 – 17:10

Drush is a really great tool! It provides two very useful commands to perform backup and restore operations on Drupal sites. Previously we had to create and restore sql dump and files tarball manually. With new Drush it’s really easy.

Please check you Drush version. This text was written for Drush 4.5.

12$ drush --versiondrush version 4.5

The simplest way to make backup is to run Drush command inside drupal root.

123cd /var/www/example.com$ drush archive-dump --destination=/var/backup/example.com.tar.gzArchive saved to /var/backup/example.com.tar.gz                             [ok]

If you have a record with root key in your aliases.drushrc.php file you don’t need enter Drupal root directory.

123$aliases['example'] = array(  'root' => '/var/www/example.com',);
1$ drush @example arb --destination=/var/backup/example.com.tar.gz

Let’s look inside out tarball.

12345678cd /var/backup && tar xf example.com.tar.gz && ls -lahtotal 3.3Mdrwxr-xr-x  3 dmytro dmytro 4.0K Dec  4 07:27 .drwxr-xr-x 12 dmytro dmytro 4.0K Dec  4 07:15 ..-rw-r--r--  1 dmytro dmytro 2.8M Dec  4 07:19 example.com.tar.gzdrwxr-xr-x  9 dmytro dmytro 4.0K Dec  4 07:11 example.com-rw-r--r--  1 dmytro dmytro 525K Dec  4 07:19 example.sql-rw-r--r--  1 dmytro dmytro  295 Dec  4 07:19 MANIFEST.ini

Great! We have here all files from the Drupal root path, database dump and MANIFEST.ini. Here listing of MANIFEST.ini:

12345678910111213cat MANIFEST.ini[Global]datestamp = "1322975948"formatversion = "1.0"generator = "Drush archive-dump"generatorversion = "4.5" [default]docroot = "/var/www/example.com"sitedir = "sites/default"files-public = "sites/default/files"database-default-file "./example.sql"database-default-driver = "mysql"

As we see, MANIFEST.ini includes really useful information about archive. So, we can have a good night’s sleep, we have our backup. Now let’s try to restore it.

12345$ drush archive-restore /var/backup/example.com.tar.gz --destination=/var/www/example.comDestination directory /var/www/example.com.                              [error]Unable to restore files to /var/www/example.com                          [error]unlink(/tmp/drush_tmp_1323093421/example.com/sites/default/default.settings.php):Permission denied drush.inc:1565

Why so many errors? There are some problems in our command:

  1. Destination directory is already exists. Drush can’t overwrite it.
  2. Current system user has no permissions for some operations.
  3. Database is already exists. MySQL user from settings.php file has no permissions to drop database and create new.

Let’s look at the next command. It will correctly restore the archive.

123sudo drush archive-restore /var/backup/example.com.tar.gz \--destination=/var/www/example.com \--db-su=root --db-su-pw=password --overwrite
  • –db-su – account to use when creating the new database.
  • –db-su-pw – password for the “db-su” account.
  • –overwrite – allows Drush to overwrite any files in the destination.

Last command is to long. No problem! We can create site alias with command specific settings. Let’s add next lines to our aliases.drushrc.php.

12345678910$aliases['example'] = array(  'command-specific' => array(    'archive-restore' => array(      'destination' => '/var/www/example.com',      'db-su' => 'root',      'db-su-pw' => 'password',      'overwrite' => TRUE,    ),  ),);

Now we have a very neat command to restore the site from the archive.

1sudo drush @example arr /var/backup/example.com.tar.g

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